Essay on Pre-Christian Ireland: Early Celts
During the early medieval period, the earliest inhabitants of the country were mostly hunter-gatherers. Being engaged with farming, they were usually participating in seasonal and cattle movements that were an integral part of their lives. The most detailed information about the early Celts society comes from the ancient Irish language narrators who did their best in order to share their lifelines with the next generations.
The fact is that all information about the country before 3500 BC is open to doubt. All the archeological findings of the previous two centuries allow assuming that all formations made of stone across Ireland have some special meaning. For instance, well known Poolnabrone dolmen that is located in the Burren of County Clare, as well as burial chambers in Kerry are considered an evidence of early Celts settlements that had a range of complicated engineering constructions. However, it is not easy to discover the precise dating of its origin.
The most incredible achievements of the period of Stone Age are the startling chambers and passages that are set into the ground of the New Grange, Knowth and Boyne Valley. They are astonishingly connected into a virtuous sites network that we now call Tara. This grandiose range of constructs seems to be the centre of human culture of the times. The map of all these structures is changing day by day since a lot of road building projects reveal more and more settlements of Celts. However, the conflict between the progress of the twenty first century and the past is the problem of the day and usually encompasses politics. The grandeur of these constructions is evidence of excellent organization, proficient skills and solid hierarchy of the past generations.
The historians, who performed antiquarian researches during the 19th century, exerted every effort in order to catalogue and give some descriptions for the unbelievable richness of the Celtic period. Unfortunately, the lists have been destroyed because of the modern developments, farm buildings or even vandalism.
While some people tend to believe that history starts only with the appearance of written records, archeologists have a lot to tell us. For instance, history experts state that it is unlikely that the country’s population one millennium before the birth of Christ was absolutely Celtic. In accordance with the accounts of bards and antiquarians, the original population of Ireland comes from Spain.
This is the period that the famous art style that is called Celtic or La Tene originally comes from. The most native language of the country that is considered the earliest one – Gaelic or Irish – was categorized by philologists in 19th century. They mentioned that the language of Ireland was of the Celtic brand of the category called ‘Indo European language’. Thus, the very concept that is known as ‘the Celtic’ now serves as the basis for the later images of early Ireland and is clearly seen through its distinctive works of art and properly reinforced by the modern scholars.