Essay on Teenage Pregnancy and the Burden of Early Motherhood
“Soon you’ll be a mother” the phrase that will make every mother-to-be happy at hearing the news. But for some mothers it may be shocking and terrifying. This is a common case especially for those mothers who are young and get pregnant too early in their life. For some people premature pregnancy may end happily, but for others with abortion and serious health concerns.
Early pregnancy is considered to be the pregnancy before the age of 18. This is a complex issue, discussions of which should take many factors into account, including medical, psychological, social, economic, cultural and, in some cases, even religious aspects.
Early pregnancy is a tough test both for the future mother and her parents. Most of pregnant women are trying as hard as possible to hide their situation or try to do an abortion. It often happens in families where parents have negative attitude towards early relationships of their children and are against sex at an early age.
Statistically 70% of pregnancies end with abortions among teenagers, about 15% end with miscarriages and only 15% of the girls give normal birth to the babies. The younger the woman becomes pregnant, the more dangerous the pregnancy and giving birth will be for her. Pregnant girls aged thirteen to sixteen years old have three times increased the risk of miscarriage. It is difficult for them to manage the pregnancy and various pathologies during pregnancy, such as anemia, strong toxicosis or placental insufficiency are more likely to develop.
World Health Organization along with the United Nations fund published the recommendations and guidelines on prevention of early pregnancies and ways to reduce the adverse consequences of reproductive health. There were 6 objectives outlined: reduce the rate of marriages of people who are under 18; ensure understanding and support in order to reduce the pregnancy before the age of 20; increase the use of contraceptives to avoid the risk of unplanned pregnancy; reduce forced sexual intercourses; reduce abortions; increase the use of qualified prenatal, obstetric and postpartum care by teenagers.
The success of early pregnancy depends on careful medical supervision. Parents should hold the dialogue with their daughter about motherhood, comply with all recommendations of the doctor. It is recommended to attend the courses for pregnant women preparing for childbirth. Young mother learns not just about the psychophysiology of pregnancy, childbirth and childcare, but also of how to breastfeed. Psychological counselling is of the utmost importance.
Among the developed countries, the USA and UK are the leaders in the level of early pregnancy. In Japan, the index is the lowest. Despite all the risks, doctors insist on the continuation of early pregnancy but not the abortion. By the way, according to latest research even the thought of abortion increases the tendency of the child to depression in future and suicidal thoughts.
Taking the decision on termination or continuation of early pregnancy, parents should remember that early motherhood is much better than later regret about its impossibility.
- Barnhart, K. (2012). Early pregnancy failure: beware of the pitfalls of modern management. Fertility and Sterility, 98(5), pp.1061-1065.
- Cdc.gov. (2016). About Teen Pregnancy | Teen Pregnancy | Reproductive Health | CDC. [online] Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/about/index.htm
- Better Health Channel. (2016). Teenage Pregnancy – Better Health Channel. [online] Available at: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/teenage-pregnancy
- Pregnancy.com.au. (2016). Teenage Pregnancy Support (Pregnancy, Birth and Beyond). [online] Available at: http://www.pregnancy.com.au/resources/teenage-pregnancy/teenage-pregnancy-support/index.shtml
- Feminist.com. (n.d.). History of Abortion. [online] Available at: http://www.feminist.com/resources/ourbodies/abortion.html